cienciatk   Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
  Buscador de contenidos      Búsqueda Avanzada >>
  RSS

Bullet  ¿Qué es Cienciatk?

linea separacion

  FONDO DOCUMENTAL
Bullet  Documentos por categorías
Bullet  Documentos por colección
Bullet  Novedades


linea separacion

  ATENCIÓN AL USUARIO
Bullet  Preguntas frecuentes
Bullet  Aportación de fondos
Bullet  Contacto


linea separacion
Acceso a usuarios
    F I C H A  D E L  D O C U M E N T O

 
 
Todos los vídeos están asociados a sus respectivos derechos de autor.


 
Comparte este recurso  
  Título:  
 

Seminario de Investigación: CONTRAFACTUAL NATURAL HISTORY: HOW ANTROPOGENIC RANGE MODIFICATIONS BIAS OUR ABILITY TO RECOVER UNDERLYING EVOLUTIONARY OR

 

  Documentos relacionados
  Idioma:  
  Español  
  Duración:  
  45 min.  
  Signatura:  
  VI06453  
  Fecha de
producción: 
 
  17/06/2016  
  Nivel:  
  Estudios universitarios  
  Resumen:  
 

Seminario de Investigación: Contrafactual natural history: How antropogenic range modifications bias our ability to recover underlying evolutionary or ecological patterns.

 

The ongoing conservation crisis is so massive that it has been claimed that we are living in the middle of the sixth mass extinction, and many ecologists and evolutionary biologists have examples of species of their favorite study group whose ranges are substantially modified due to humans. Despite this most global scale analyses work on the explicit or implicit assumption that these modifications are too small to be a substantial problem for the overall conclusions.  In this talk I will however try to convince people that such modifications has the potential to cause substantial biases in all or at least many studies. I will start by discussing the magnitude of human modifications of mammalian ranges including evidence for an anthropogenic causation of the massive Late Pleistocene/ Early Holocene megafauna extinctions. Following this I will compare the results from analyses based on contemporary distribution patterns with results based on reconstructed potential distribution patterns for all mammals as they could be without human involvement based on three case studies. 1)     I will show that estimates of Bergmann’s rule (the tendency of mammals to increase in size at higher latitudes) are underestimated based on contemporary distributions because humans have mainly influenced the distributions of larger mammals and have been especially important at higher latitudes. 2)     I will show that the underlying dynamics behind the interchange of mammals between South and North America after the collision of the two continents ~3.5 million years ago (the Great American Biotic Interchange: GABI) cannot be meaningfully understood based on contemporary distributions. 3)     I will show that range contractions among North American mammals causes substantial biases in estimations of their niches which makes reliable estimations of the consequences of global warming problematic based on contemporary distributions.

 
  País de
producción:  
 
  España  
  Ficha técnica:  
 

Producción y edición: Servicio de Audiovisuales-Mediateca MNCN-CSIC.

Presenta: Miguel B. Araújo, Departamento de Ecología evolutiva, MNCN-CSIC.

Ponente: Søren Faurby, MNCN-CSIC.

 
  Observaciones:  
 

Seminario organizado por el Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN), CSIC.

 
  Productora:  
  Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN)

C/ José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2
28006 Madrid
Tlno: 91 411 13 28
Fax:  91 564 50 78
http://www.mncn.csic.es

 
 


Resolución mínima: 1024 x 768 Navegadores: Firefox 3.5.1/Internet Explorer 7.0
Todas las imágenes, vídeos y audios están protegidas por sus respectivos derechos de autor
Logos